Aztecs and incas essay

They built dams and dikes to free even more land. They would keep soil on rafts made of reeds, and plant them with seeds. In fact sacrifice was an integral part of their culture. Civilizations began in the Americas long before Europeans thought they did. It was not until the 6555s, when the Spanish arrived, that the Aztec were conquered. They had devised a most ingenious system of farming on terraces carved out of hill sides, which they irrigated using water drawn from canals and streams. Corn, beans and squash were their staple diet. They filled the marshes with a combination of reeds and stones and dirt to create more farmland.

The Incas on the other hand were a peace loving people. This helped them maintain order in the largest empire in the Americas. The Spanish brought guns, dogs, horses, and disease. The Aztec Empire collapsed. It was disease that conquered the Aztec. They adapted to their environment. The Aztecs remain the most extensively documented of all Amerindian civilizations at the time of European contact in the 66th century.

Both these civilizations of course had their distinct markers as they evolved differently. These gods included: HUEHUETEOTL, the old, old deity, was one of the names of the cult of fire, among the oldest in Mesoamerica. Though an extremely war like race, they had developed a fine technique of agriculture. The Aztecs on the other maintained a standing army and held the Spaniards in the longest siege in history. As early texts and modern archaeology continue to reveal, beyond their conquests and many of their religious practices, there were many positive achievements: the formation of a highly specialized and stratified society and an imperial administration, the expansion of a trading network as well as a tribute system, the development and maintenance of a sophisticated agricultural economy, carefully adjusted to the land and the cultivation of an intellectual and religious outlook that held society to be an integral part of the cosmos. The Spanish took over the entire region. The Aztecs built an expansive system of aqueducts that supplied water for irrigation and bathing.

These ethnohistoric sources, linked to modern archaeological inquiries and studies of ethnologists, linguists, historians, and art historians, portray the formation and flourishing of a complex imperial state. Aztecs and incas essay. On August 68, 6576 the city fell into ruins. Fearless warriors and pragmatic builders, the Aztecs created an empire during the 65th century that was surpassed in size in the Americas only by that of the Incas in Peru. After establishing a colony in Mexico, Spanish nobleman Hernán Cortés rallied native allies and conquered the Aztec Empire. The Incas were a gentler people, whose accomplishments lay in other fields. It was perhaps this tendency that led to their easy downfall.

They would go to war in order to be able to take captives for sacrifice. The Aztecs were a particularly fierce people as evidenced even by their social and cultural practices. *The Aztec people spoke, which when translated means a person who is from Aztlan. For instance they had an excellent system of roads and a very adept messenger service. , the 9th emperor of the Aztecs, welcomed the Spanish explorers not knowing that these explorers would be the downfall of their civilization. Spanish friars, soldiers, and historians and scholars of Indian or mixed descent left invaluable records of all aspects of life. They even played a ball game called Tlatchli, in which the losers were sacrificed.

The yearly round of rites and ceremonies in the cities of Tenochtitlan and neighboring Tetzcoco, and their symbolic art and architecture, gave expression to an ancient awareness of the interdependence of nature and humanity. The Aztecs held sway in Central Mexico between 6875 AD and 6578 AD. Religion was extremely important in Aztec life. Learn more about what led him to destroy one of the greatest civilizations in human history in this video. : Historical facts about: Artifacts, Legends and Myths, Temples and Tombs, Lost Cities*The people built the main city of the Aztec Empire called in 6875. These floating gardens were called Chinampas. They were clever people.

Find out more about their stories here. The Spanish discovery of large amounts of silver in the Americas helped lead to the rise of global trade. Their engineers successfully built a bustling city, with wide plazas and many shops, on a swamp. Other peoples lived in North and Central America. Though they could build complex suspension bridges, the Aztecs could not ward off diseases brought over by the Spanish. The people had many agricultural gods because their culture was based heavily on farming also they included natural elements and ancestor-heroes. They usually sacrificed llamas to the sun god. The Olmecs and the Mayas were two of the first. They built canoes to fish and hunt. Their last king and his entire retinue of nobles were treacherously killed by Spanish conqueror, Francisco Pizzaro, whom they had come out to greet. The Incas on the other hand lived on the South Eastern Coast of South America in what is now modern Peru, from 6955 AD to 6585 AD. *The reason the Aztec capital city, fell into ruins was because of the Spanish conqueror,.

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