Group justice is a type of political justice and Plato identifies political justice as harmony in a structured political body. Also, an extended version of this paper has been submitted to Journal of Value Theory. Due to considerations of time and length of this paper, I shall confine myself to addressing the initial criticism. Aristotle presents a more practical definition of justice. Close. Being that Aristotle was a student of Plato, their ideas share many similarities. Relying less on metaphysics, Aristotle defines justice as the restoration of maintenance of balance.
Whereas each virtue was defined as the mean between two vices, justice is not the mean of two vices since injustice, the opposite of justice, is but only one extreme. Plato defines justice in terms of two types, group and individual. Last is the “misery”, which stands for negative outcomes that Aristotle characterizes such as mistakes, self-indulgence, stinginess, grouchiness, vanity, apathy and self-depreciation. For the next thirteen years he devoted his energies to his teaching and composing impeded from attaining the good life because consumers choose products that are not both intrinsically valuable and will not bring happiness as a final end. Also according to Aristotle consumers are impeded because in this case, the consumers are prevented from developing and preserving moral traits. Although Aristotle s ideal of justice may seem superior, upon further inspection, Plato s ideal of justice is the stronger. Distributive justice deals with the distribution of some good, such as wealth, among members of a community. He found the Platonic school flourishing under Xenocrates, and Platonism the dominant philosophy of Athens.
” (Augustine, p. To make this distinction more clear, Augustine reveals the existence of two cities: the city of God (the heavens), and the city of man (earthly cities). Injustice occurs when people have either too much or too little. This violates his golden mean doctrine with respect to virtue. Aristotle essay over justice. Justice is the mean state of people having what they deserve. The consumers in this case lack temperance Secondly is the key word “supremely”, which describes the superlative form of happiness. For Aristotle, justice is a virtue but unlike the other virtues he discusses in his Ethics.
This should not be a surprise, because if justice is perfection, than only the perfect being—God, not man—would have access to it. The first two positive signs, which symbolize the two positive key words “happiness” and “supremacy”, subtract the The ‘good life’ as Aristotle defines it, is one which has happiness as a characteristic or ‘a life of happiness’. However, Plato defined his ideal of justice with more usage of metaphysics, invoking his Form of the Good, while Aristotle took a more practical approach, speaking in terms of money and balance. Producers are people such as farmers and craftsmen. These criticisms of Aristotle s account of specific justice have focused on two central problems. First, Aristotle s insistence that all specifically unjust actions are motivated by pleonexiaPleonexia can be understood as the desire to have more of some socially availablegood, and is usually translated as greed or acquisitiveness. ‘People ought to behave so as to achieve happiness’. The virtues we must have are virtues of moderation. Both viewed justice as the harmonious interaction of people in a society.
None of these consequences results from the good. The supreme happiness assures the man of virtue or excellence. The guardians are the ruling class, raised from an early age to be virtuous. Aristotle uses an analogy of happiness to form his formula, ‘the doctrine of the mean’ or the preferred name ‘golden mean’. Following Aristotle s definition of justice, a theft of one hundred dollars would result in the thief s gain of one hundred dollars and the victim s equal and unjust loss of one hundred dollars. He thus set up his own school at a place called the Lyceum. Rectificatory justice is the restoration of balance when an unequal distribution has occurred. Each person in the society must fulfill the role that he is best suited for, his arÐ Ð„te, and not the role that he may desire to fill.
Auxiliaries are the warrior class whose job is to protect the city and carry out the orders of the guardians. Man can only gain access when he becomes one with God, a situation provided for by Christianity, only after death. When teaching at the Lyceum, Aristotle had a habit of walking about as he discoursed. ‘Happiness is an activity of the soul in accord with perfect virtue’. By: July Essay 796 Words December 76, 7559 6,667 ViewsIn this paper, I shall address two central contemporary criticisms of Aristotle s conception of justice. Second, Aristotle does not identify a deficient vice with respect to justice. “Life, therefore, will only be truly happy when it is eternal. This will be different for different
Plato s ideal society consists of three classifications of people: producers, auxiliaries and guardians. Distribution is done according to what a person deserves, a good person receiving more than a bad person. According to Aristotle in this case the consumers lack the virtue of temperance. 678). The ‘Doctrine of the Mean’ is the moderation in all things. Aristotle breaks down justice into two types, distributive and rectificatory, both dealing with some measure of balance. The city of God which he had not visited since the death of Plato. Temperance is the ability to respond appropriately to things that are pleasurable.
Without the identification of the deficient vice with respect to justice, then justice must not be a virtue of character.