Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide. New York: Routledge, 7558. Penn has long been a cradle of ingenuity dedicated to serving the public good. Academic Writing and Publishing: A Practical Guide. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 7567. New York: Open University Press, 7556 Nygaard, Lynn P. Here are some basic steps in performing secondary research.
Innovative research that yields actionable knowledge is one of the cornerstones of, President Gutmann’s vision for the future of the University. Colorado Technical College Hartley, James. Writing the results into a paper is also a major step in the process. - How to track down information - How to organize - How to use the Internet in your research - How to discriminate between useless and useful opinions - How to summarize - How to budget your time - How to conceive of and manage a research project from start to finish (Anthony C. The function of a plant’s roots go well beyond simply serving as an anchor in the ground. Writing Center.
The Penn-led research team characterized the underlying mechanism that leads to the blinding Best disease a loss of the microvilli that support and feed photoreceptor cells. A research paper is a form of academic writing, usually between five and fifteen pages long, composed by students in colleges and universities. A research paper requires students to locate information about a topic (that is, to conduct research ), take a stand on that topic, and provide support (or evidence ) for that position in an organized report. The new version of the All Academic convention software includes many great new features including: Writing for Scholars: A Practical Guide to Making Sense and Being Heard. Winkler and Jo Ray Metherell, Writing the Research Paper: A Handbook, 8th ed.
Research from the University of Pennsylvania could shed light on the distribution of one of the most mysterious substances in the universe. Academic research paper on human computer interaction. The term research paper may also refer to a scholarly article that contains the results of original research or an evaluation of research conducted by others. 7555 Global Writing Network Ltd. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 768,666 times. Second edition.
If your instructor assigns a topic, this step will take care of itself. Students and professionals both know that conducting accurate, valid, and timely research into academic topics such as history, literature, or anthropology is critical to success in the classroom and at work. We accept payments via Paypal or one of the major credit cards: Visa, Mastercard, Amex. Although the accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerable depending on the methodological framework and the intended audience, most college-level research papers require careful attention to the following stylistic elements. Writing Center, Wheaton College Sword, Helen. Like specialist languages adopted in other professions, such as, law or medicine, academic writing is designed to convey agreed meaning about complex ideas or concepts for a group of scholarly experts.
Stylish Academic Writing. More often, however, you will be offered a range of general subjects, one of which you must investigate and then narrow down to a specific topic. , a reliable company. . With more than $955 million in annual R&D expenditures, Penn is one of the nation's top research universities, not only generating important new knowledge in the fields of medicine, technology, business, science, and beyond, but applying this knowledge to improve the lives of individuals and communities at home and around the world. The very definition of jargon is language specific to a particular sub-group of people.
The roots act as the plant’s mouth, absorbing, storing and channeling water and nutrients essential for survival. Most scholarly articles must undergo a process of peer review before they can be accepted for publication in an academic journal. How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 7557 .